Daily historical facts, events, famous birthdays, world history. Discover what happened today in history.
537- Siege of Rome (537–538)|Siege of Rome -The Ostrogoths|Ostrogoth army under king Vitiges began the siege of the capital. Belisarius conducts a delaying action outside the Piazza del Popolo|Flaminian Gate; he and a detachment of his ''Bucellarius|bucellarii'' are almost cut off.
986- Louis V of France|Louis V -becomes King of the Franks.
1121- Dirk VI, Count of Holland|Dirk VI -becomes the Count of Holland.
1127- Assassination -of Charles I, Count of Flanders|Charles the Good, Count of Flanders.
1444- Skanderbeg -organizes a group of Albanian people|Albanian nobles to form the League of Lezhë.
1458- George of Poděbrady -is chosen as the King of Bohemia.
1476- Burgundian Wars -The Old Swiss Confederacy hands Charles the Bold, Duchy of Burgundy|Duke of Burgundy, a major defeat in the Battle of Grandson in Canton of Neuchâtel.
1484-The College of Arms -is formally incorporated by Royal Charter signed by King Richard III of England.
1498- Vasco da Gama -s fleet visits the Island of Mozambique.
1561- Mendoza, Argentina -is founded by Spanish conquistador Pedro del Castillo.
1657- Great Fire of Meireki -A fire in Edo (now Tokyo), Japan, caused more than 100,000 deaths; it lasted three days
1717-'' The Loves of Mars and Venus -' is the first ballet performed in England.
1776- American Revolutionary War -Patriot (American Revolution)|Patriot militia units arrest the Royal Governor of Province of Georgia|Georgia James Wright (governor)|James Wright and attempt to prevent capture of supply ships in the Battle of the Rice Boats.
1791-Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore line|semaphore -machine in Paris.
1797-The Bank of England -Bank of England note issues|issues the first Banknotes of the pound sterling|one-pound and Banknotes of the pound sterling|two-pound banknotes.
1807-The United States Congress|U.S. Congress -passes the Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves, disallowing the importation of new slavery|slaves into the country.
1808-The inaugural meeting of the Wernerian Natural History Society -a former Scottish learned society, is held in Edinburgh.
1811- Argentine War of Independence -A Spanish Empire|royalist fleet defeats a small flotilla of May Revolution|revolutionary ships in the Battle of San Nicolás on the Río de la Plata|River Plate.
1815-Signing of the Kandyan Convention -treaty by United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland|British invaders and the List of Sri Lankan monarchs|King of Sri Lanka.
1825- Roberto Cofresí -one of the last successful Caribbean pirates, is Action of 2 March 1825|defeated in combat and captured by authorities.
1836- Texas Revolution -Texas Declaration of Independence|Declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico.
1855- Alexander II of Russia|Alexander II -becomes Tsar of Russia.
1865- East Cape War -The Volkner Incident in New Zealand.
1867-The U.S. Congress passes the first Reconstruction Act -
1877- U.S. presidential election, 1876 -Just two days before inauguration, the U.S. Congress declares Rutherford B. Hayes the winner of the election even though Samuel J. Tilden had won the popular vote on November 7, 1876.
1882- Queen Victoria -narrowly escapes an assassination attempt by Roderick McLean in Windsor.
1885- Sino-French War -French victory in the Battle of Hòa Mộc|Battle of Hoa Moc near Tuyen Quang, northern Vietnam.
1901-The U.S. Congress passes the Platt Amendment -limiting the autonomy of Cuba, as a condition of the withdrawal of American troops.
1903-In New York City the Martha Washington Hotel -opens, becoming the first hotel exclusively for women.
1917-The enactment of the Jones-Shafroth Act -grants Puerto Rico|Puerto Ricans United States citizenship.
1919-The first Communist International -meets in Moscow.
1933-The film '' King Kong (1933 film)|King Kong -' opens at New York's Radio City Music Hall.
1937-The Steel Workers Organizing Committee -signs a collective bargaining agreement with U.S. Steel, leading to unionization of the United States steel industry.
1939- Cardinal (Catholicism)|Cardinal -Eugenio Pacelli is Papal conclave, 1939|elected Pope and takes the name Pope Pius XII|Pius XII.
1941- World War II -First German military units enter Bulgaria Military history of Bulgaria during World War II|after it joins the Axis Pact.
1946- Ho Chi Minh -is elected the President of North Vietnam.
1949- Captain (U.S. Air Force)|Captain -James Gallagher lands his B-50 Superfortress ''Lucky Lady II'' in Fort Worth, Texas after completing the first non-stop around-the-world airplane flight in 94 hours and one minute.
1949-The first automatic street light -is installed in New Milford, Connecticut.
1955- Ruler of Cambodia|King -Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia abdicates the throne in favor of his father, King Norodom Suramarit.
1956- Morocco -gains its independence from France.
1962-In Burma -the army led by General Ne Win seizes power in a ''1962 Burmese coup d'état|coup d'état''.
1962- Wilt Chamberlain -sets the single-game scoring NBA regular season records|record in the National Basketball Association by Wilt Chamberlain's 100-point game|scoring 100 points.
1965-The United States Air Force|US -and Vietnam Air Force|South Vietnamese Air Force begin Operation Rolling Thunder, a sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam.
1969-In Toulouse -France, the first test flight of the Anglo-French Concorde is conducted.
1969- Soviet Union|Soviet -and Chinese forces clash at a border outpost on the Ussuri River.
1970- Rhodesia -declares itself a republic, breaking its last links with the British crown.
1972-The Pioneer 10 -space probe is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida with a mission to explore the outer planets.
1978- Czechoslovakia|Czech -Vladimír Remek becomes the first non-Russian (citizen)|Russian or non-American to go into outer space|space, when he is launched aboard Soyuz 28.
1983- Compact Disc -and players are released for the first time in the United States and other markets. They had previously been available only in Japan.
1989-Twelve European Community -nations agree to ban the production of all chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) by the end of the century.
1990- Nelson Mandela -is elected deputy President of the African National Congress.
1991-Battle at Rumaila field|Rumaila Oil Field -brings an end to the Gulf War|1991 Gulf War.
1992- Armenia -Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, San Marino, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan join the United Nations.
1995-Researchers at Fermilab -announce the discovery of the top quark.
1998-Data sent from the Galileo spacecraft -indicates that Jupiter's moon Europa (moon)|Europa has a liquid ocean under a thick crust of ice.
2002- War in Afghanistan (2001–present)|U.S. invasion of Afghanistan -Operation Anaconda begins, (ending on March 19 after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters, with 11 Western troop fatalities).
2004- 2003 invasion of Iraq|War in Iraq -Al-Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre in Iraq, killing 170 and wounding over 500.
2012-A March 2–3, 2012 tornado outbreak|tornado outbreak -occurred over a large section of the Southern United States and into the Ohio Valley region, resulting in 40 tornado-related fatalities.